Western Approaches Museum

Liverpool, in England’s North West, is very well supplied with museums and art galleries covering a wide range of topics. However Western Approaches Museum or “WWII MUSEUM” as the sign outside the building indicates, is somewhat different. The museum is situated in the basement of an inter-war office building right in the heart of Liverpool’s business district.

Museum entrance

The museum is located in the actual rooms from which the Battle of the Atlantic was controlled during the Second World War. The rooms that make up the museum are not a recreation, rather this is where the planning for the battle actually took place. When visiting, you are walking through history itself. A good effort has been made by the operators to fit out the rooms in the style that they were at the end of the war with contemporary furniture and fittings.

Original offices as they were

This is not a “traditional” museum in that there is only one vitrine in the building, rather, it is a living history museum. Children of all ages are encouraged to sit at the desks, use the typewriters, try on uniforms and generally get the feel of the 1940’s atmosphere. The story of the Battle of the Atlantic (the longest and most complex sea battle of history), is told by way of interpretation boards throughout the museum. In the very impressive Operations Room, there are information sheets in a 1940’s style that tell of ships, aircrafts and provide additional information about the period.

A small room styled as a cinema shows a loop of three short films. One of the films includes wartime footage actually taken inside the building, while the other two deal with the exploits of Captain “Johnnie” Walker, his Escort Group and his military funeral in Liverpool. At the end of the tour – you move through the museum on a tour route. One should note, there is the possibility of hiring a guide at a cost of £20. There is a reconstruction of a street of shops as they might have appeared in wartime Liverpool complete with a genuine ‘unexploded bomb’ (don’t panic it was defused long ago!). If you look through the window of the abandoned Italian ice cream parlour, there is a short film loop showing footage of bomb damage in war-time Liverpool.

Reconstructed street

Whilst there is no restaurant/cafeteria, there is a room arranged like a wartime canteen where you can buy basic tea and coffee, which you make yourself, at wartime prices (2p a cup). Even though the prices are so low, most visitors make a more generous donation. In this canteen there are old fashioned games, an extensive ‘library’ of books on war-time topics and another film loop which shows film from Liverpool during the Second World War. While there is never any pressure to move on from this room, it is sometimes closed because it is used as a teaching room if there is a school party visiting the museum. Ask at reception when you first enter the museum and the friendly staff will be able to advise you whether or not the room is open.

Unlike the other national museums in Liverpool, there is a charge to visit Western Approaches. Additional information about visiting the museum can be found below.


Adults £10.50

Concessions – senior citizens, students and Armed Forces - £9 – in order to qualify for this discount, you will need to produce a Student Card or an Armed Forces I/D card.

Children (5-16) £7.50

Children under 5 – Free

Family Ticket £30 – (2 adults and 2 children)

Groups of 10 people or more – £9.00 per person.


1-3 Rumford Street, Liverpool, L2 8SZ, UK

Telephone number: 0151.227.2008

Museum website: http://www.liverpoolwarmuseum.co.uk/

*The museum accepts cash and all major credit/debit cards


10am to 5pm daily with last admission at 4pm.

There are different opening hours in Winter and Summer – in Winter the museum is closed on Mondays but from March it is open seven days a week – for details of opening hours it is best to check the website before you visit.

Allow between an hour and an hour and half for your visit.

Points to be aware of

The very nature of an underground bunker means that there are quite a few flights of stairs. Aside from a very limited area, the museum is not accessible to people who use wheelchairs or motorised scooters. The stairs all have hand rails, however a few flights are not easy if a visitor has general mobility issues.

The museum is in the main business district of the city and is not as well known as it should be which can make it difficult to find. There is some on-street parking (pay at parking meters) and opposite the front of the museum is a small public car park which is not solely for use of museum visitors so it is often full and expensive.

The staff are, without exception, friendly and helpful and can answer many questions about the building and the Battle of the Atlantic although they may not have the in-depth knowledge that some visitors might require.

If you pay the additional £20 for a guided tour you are taken around the museum by a member of staff. The guide will encourage you to look around and will also provide in-depth information and context about the collection.

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David Hearn

After spending some time in the British Army (we did not get on) I had a first career in banking and a second in management consultancy before going to university for the first time at the age of 55 to take a BA in history at Liverpool John Moores University followed by a Masters in International Slavery Studies at the University of Liverpool.

I published a guide to England’s best First World War Memorials in 2018 and I am currently working on a book about Liverpool’s involvement in slavery which will be called Liverpool: a City Built on Slavery although this is still quite a way off publication.

I have a small publishing company known as The Dusty Teapot Company which I run jointly with my older son we concentrate on reproducing copies of historic books about Liverpool but we also undertake photographic digitisation and oral history.